Age Standardized Lung Cancer Death Rates for Cigarette Smoking and/or Occupational Exposure to Asbestos Dust Compared with No Smoking and No Occupational Exposure to Asbestos Dust*.
*Rates per 100 000 man-years standardized for age on the distribution of the man-years of all the asbestos workers. Number of lung cancer deaths based on death certificate information. Table reproduced with permission from the Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences.
JAMA Nov 9, 1984-Vol 252, No. 18 -Asbestos-Related Diseases-Council on Scientific Affairs
Students: Consider what the rates mean in relation to the difference between initiators and promoters, Which compund do you think is associated with most lung cancer; tobacco or asbestos?